Introduction to pollution in china
Air is a part of all of our lives. Without clean air, nothing we know of
can exist. The debate over clean air, it’s regulations, their teammates and
opposition, and the economic factors coming into play into this ever-more
recognizable problem is a widespread and ever more controversial one. Like
a long countdown to eventual disaster, the pollution effecting our world
has no doubt made increasingly more impact on our daily lives, and has
increased the intensity on Washington and other countries to solve the
problem. The Clean Air act is a step in the right direction, but with every
answer their comes two questions and likewise more and more people taking
sides. There have been long debates not over the effectiveness of such
regulations, but the lack of opportunity such regulations and deregulations
provide for other companies. Global warming has increased the tension over
the economics of cleaner air, but with little the government can do to
limit the use of cars, the production of necessary coal-fired power plants
and other such human resources, the topic just turns into another fog for
debate and argument over stricter regulations and the impeached right these
sources have to operate. The continual power struggle of such economic and
social issues and the debate over the effectiveness of stricter, present or
more lenient regulations has turned into a smorgasboard of prectical
solutions, with opponents quickly changing minds and becoming supporters
The expenditure of about 20 billion on the part of companies since 1990 to
clean up such hazardous pollutants as cars, factories, and thousands of
other measures have reaped about 400 billion in saved hospital costs, lost
workdays, reduced productivity,
and other conditions while at the same time theoretically helping to reduce
smog and pollution. The findings of a report on experiments done for the
Clean Air act was
passed into law in 1970. The Enviornmental Protection Agency has recently
come under attack by critics however, and Washington has threatened to cut
the agencies’ budget citing high costs of enviornmental legislation, even
while their is solid proof that the agencies’ measures are paying off.
Congress is skeptical of reports that the whole system is reaping more
benefits on the enviorment than the whole operation actually costs.
Economically, the Clean Air Act is definitly sound and good for the
economy. For example, American fishermen average $24 billion a year in
expenditures and ultimately generate $69 billion yearly for the economy.
Moreover, the average American worker recieves $20 in value in reduced
risks of death, illness, and other adverse effects for every dollar spent
to control air pollution. All in all, the country spent roughly $436
billion enforcing clean air regulations, and gained about $6.8 trillion in
benefits in 1990. The amounts of harmful chemicals and pollutants in the
air has also found to be dramatically reduced since 1970. 40 percent of
sulfer dioxide in the air has been reduced, as well as 30 percent of
nitrous oxide, and 50 percent of carbon monoxide.
As well as air, the EPA has produced results in protecting our nation’s
waterways. For example, the Clean Water Act, which passed in 1972, has
since given states grants of $66 million to help install water sewage
treatment plants. They also found that the act has required the industry to
install tens of billions of dollars of anti-polltion technology. The effect
on the liquid industry has been enormous. Boating sales generate $14
billion alone while fishermen produce $3 million, and the nation spends an
estimated $35 million anually for fish.
Water pollution in china
Wastewater pollution has always been a major problem throughout the world.
The lack of suitable water used for drinking, agriculture, farming, etc.
has declined through the years. With a shortage of water throughout the
world, proper methods of treating and recycling water is the key goal in
sustaining our limited water resource supply. Geographically speaking, the
wastewater pollution within China has affected the environment, society,
and agriculture. The water pollution crisis in China has brought up an
issue of efficient wastewater treatment methods to help alleviate their
problems. Throughout this paper, we will discuss the topics on the effects
of wastewater pollution towards the environment and the society (health
factors, agriculture, economic impacts, etc).
The lack of clean water has always been an issue of environmental concern
all over the world. This environmental issue is mainly stressed in
developing countries today. The main sources of water pollution are:
industrial (chemical, organic, and thermal wastes), municipal (largely
sewage consisting of human wastes, other organic wastes, and detergents),
and agricultural (animal wastes, pesticides, and fertilizers) (Brower
et.al, 1990). For the past several years, China has been affected with the
water pollution crisis. Three examples of wastewater pollution crisis in
China are the City of Tianjin, the Chao Lakes and Xian City.